Saturday, 15 April 2017

Civil Contractors in Bangalore Cement


Usage of Cement in Buildings :

 Cement is that the binder that holds concrete and mortars along and thence it plays the foremost important role in giving strength and sturdiness to your home. it's wont to build concrete for slabs, foundations, beams, columns, lintels, chhajja (sunshades), and mortar for masonry, plastering, flooring and different such work. 

Types of Cement utilized in house construction : 

 Cements used for domestic building like your home ar primarily of 3 types: 

Ordinary Portland cement (OPC): a mix of clinker and mineral.

 Portland scum Cement (PSC): a mix of excellent quality furnace scum (from the iron and steel industry) with clinker (which makes OPC) and mineral. 

Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC): a mix of fly-ash (from thermal power plants) with clinker and mineral. 

Ideal cement for house construction:

 The best cement for house construction is mixed cement like PSC and PPC. however please note that sensible quality integrated cements like PSC and PPC can take longer to line. but the ultimate strength once twenty eight days are far more. 

  •  Features of excellent quality cement:
  •  Reduced water demand.
  •  Improved workability .
  •  Less leaky to wet.
  •  Improved resistance to acids and chlorides.
  •  Reduced heat of association. 
  • Easier to end. 
  • Reduced shrinkage. 
  • Reduced natural action issues as a result of it's low on free lime.

 The colour of cement has no regard to the strength characteristics. there's a wrong impression that darker color cement offers higher strength. In fact, darker color cement causes the staff to feature a lot of sand than allowed in cement-sand mortar for daubing, which may then cause issues. 

Selecting the correct cement for your house :

 It is important that you just use solely a acknowledged whole of cement. sensible brands of cement might value two to five a lot of however supply quality, consistency and responsibility furthermore as ten to twenty larger strength characteristics. Cement accounts for a mere twelve to eighteen of the overall expenditure on your home. So, exploitation cheaper cement offers you very little overall savings however a larger risk to the strength of your building!

The right manner of exploitation cement in construction:

 Cement should be additional to the concrete and mortar in an exceedingly precise, consistent manner. deficient or an excessive amount of cement in concrete and improper water-cement ratios cause lower strengths, shorter style life and lower sturdiness. ne'er try and save on cement use by diluting the concrete combine. Remember, that by exploitation thirty to forty luggage less of cement, you'd save no over Rs 3000 to Rs 4000.


Sunday, 9 April 2017

Civil Contractors in Bangalore Aggregate


Aggregate is the component of a composite material that resists compressive stress and provides bulk to the composite material. For efficient filling, aggregate should be much smaller than the finished item, but have a wide variety of sizes. For example, the particles of stone used to make concrete typically include both sand and gravel. 

Comparison to fiber composites 

Aggregate composites tend to be much easier to fabricate, and much more predictable in their finished properties, than fiber composites. Fiber orientation and continuity can have an overwhelming effect, but can be difficult to control and assess. Fabrication aside, aggregate materials themselves also tend to be less expensive; the most common aggregates mentioned above are found in nature and can often be used with only minimal processing. 

 Not all composite materials include aggregate. Aggregate particles tend to have about the same dimensions in every direction (that is, an aspect ratio of about one), so that aggregate composites do not display the level of synergy that fiber composites often do. A strong aggregate held together by a weak matrix will be weak in tension, whereas fibers can be less sensitive to matrix properties, especially if they are properly oriented and run the entire length of the part (i.e., a continuous filament). 

 Most composites are filled with particles whose aspect ratio lies somewhere between oriented filaments and spherical aggregates. A good compromise is chopped fiber, where the performance of filament or cloth is traded off in favor of more aggregate-like processing techniques. Ellipsoid and plate-shaped aggregates are also used.

 Aggregate properties 

In most cases, the ideal finished piece would be 100% aggregate. A given application's most desirable quality (be it high strength, low cost, high dielectric constant, or low density) is usually most prominent in the aggregate itself; all the aggregate lacks is the ability to flow on a small scale, and form attachments between particles. The matrix is specifically chosen to serve this role, but its abilities should not be abused.

 Aggregate size

 Experiments and mathematical models show that more of a given volume can be filled with hard spheres if it is first filled with large spheres, then the spaces between (interstices) are filled with smaller spheres, and the new interstices filled with still smaller spheres as many times as possible. For this reason, control of particle size distribution can be quite important in the choice of aggregate; appropriate simulations or experiments are necessary to determine the optimal proportions of different-sized particles. 

The upper limit to particle size depends on the amount of flow required before the composite sets (the gravel in paving concrete can be fairly coarse, but fine sand must be used for tile mortar), whereas the lower limit is due to the thickness of matrix material at which its properties change (clay is not included in concrete because it would "absorb" the matrix, preventing a strong bond to other aggregate particles). Particle size distribution is also the subject of much study in the fields of ceramics and powder metallurgy. 

 Some exceptions to this rule include: 

Toughened composites 

Toughness is a compromise between the (often contradictory) requirements of strength and plasticity. In many cases, the aggregate will have one of these properties, and will benefit if the matrix can add what it lacks. Perhaps the most accessible examples of this are composites with an organic matrix and ceramic aggregate, such as asphalt concrete ("tarmac") and filled plastic (i.e., Nylon mixed with powdered glass), although most metal matrix composites also benefit from this effect. In this case, the correct balance of hard and soft components is necessary or the material will become either too weak or too brittle. 


Many materials properties change radically at small length scales (see nanotechnology). In the case where this change is desirable, a certain range of aggregate size is necessary to ensure good performance. This naturally sets a lower limit to the amount of matrix material used. 

 Unless some practical method is implemented to orient the particles in micro- or nano-composites, their small size and (usually) high strength relative to the particle-matrix bond allows any macroscopic object made from them to be treated as an aggregate composite in many respects. 

 While bulk synthesis of such nanoparticles as carbon nanotubes is currently too expensive for widespread use, some less extreme nanostructured materials can be synthesized by traditional methods, including electrospinning and spray pyrolysis. One important aggregate made by spray pyrolysis is glass microspheres. Often called microballoons, they consist of a hollow shell several tens of nanometers thick and approximately one micrometer in diameter. Casting them in a polymer matrix yields syntactic foam, with extremely high compressive strength for its low density.

 Many traditional nanocomposites escape the problem of aggregate synthesis in one of two ways:

 Natural aggregates: By far the most widely used aggregates for nano-composites are naturally occurring. Usually these are ceramic materials whose crystalline structure is extremely directional, allowing it to be easily separated into flakes or fibers. The nanotechnology touted by General Motors for automotive use is in the former category: a fine-grained clay with a laminar structure suspended in a thermoplastic olefin (a class which includes many common plastics like polyethylene and polypropylene). The latter category includes fibrous asbestos composites (popular in the mid-20th century), often with matrix materials such as linoleum and Portland cement.

 In-situ aggregate formation: Many micro-composites form their aggregate particles by a process of self-assembly. For example, in high impact polystyrene, two immiscible phases of polymer (including brittle polystyrene and rubbery polybutadiene) are mixed together. Special molecules (graft copolymers) include separate portions which are soluble in each phase, and so are only stable at the interface between them, in the manner of a detergent. Since the number of this type of molecule determines the interfacial area, and since spheres naturally form to minimize surface tension, synthetic chemists can control the size of polybutadiene droplets in the molten mix, which harden to form rubbery aggregates in a hard matrix. Dispersion strengthening is a similar example from the field of metallurgy. In glass-ceramics, the aggregate is often chosen to have a negative coefficient of thermal expansion, and the proportion of aggregate to matrix adjusted so that the overall expansion is very near zero. Aggregate size can be reduced so that the material is transparent to infrared light.



Monday, 3 April 2017

Civil Contractors in Bangalore Glassbrick


Glass brick, also known as glass block, is an architectural element made from glass. Glass bricks provide visual obscuration while admitting light. The glass block was originally developed in the early 1900s to provide natural light in manufacturing plants. 

Glass bricks are produced for both wall and floor applications. Glass blocks for use in floors are normally manufactured as a single solid piece, or as a hollow glass block with thicker side walls than the standard wall blocks. These blocks are normally cast into a reinforced concrete gridwork or set into a metal frame, allowing multiple units to be combined to span over openings in basements and roofs. Glass wall blocks should not be used in flooring applications. Hollow glass wall blocks are manufactured as two separate halves and, whilst the glass is still molten, the two pieces are pressed together and annealed. The resulting glass blocks will have a partial vacuum at the hollow centre. 

Standards and grading :

Glass blocks in Europe are manufactured in accordance with the European Standard EN1052-2. The International Standard is ISO TC 160/SG1. The Standards allow for variation in sizes and production irregularity. Blocks fall within three classifications; Class1, Class 2 and Class 3 with Class 1 being the highest and best rating with a maximum permissible deviation from designed size and rectangularity of 1 mm. 

Construction methods :

Glass wall blocks are fixed together to form complete walls by several methods – the most common method of construction is to bed the blocks together in a Portland cement-based mortar with reinforcing rods of steel placed within the mortar as recommended by the project architect or block manufacturer. Other methods of construction include several proprietary systems whereby the mortar is replaced by timber or PVC extrusions. 

R Value :

Glass brick has an r value between 1.75 and 1.96, close to that of thermopane windows.There are newer Glass Blocks injected with Argon gas and having a layer of low-emissivity glass between the halves, which increases the insulative (U) value to 1.5 W/m²•K, which is between triple glazed windows(1.8 W/m²•K) and specialty double glazed windows with advanced frame and coatings(1.2 W/m²•K). 

Specialty types :

Specialist glass blocks are produced for various applications including: 

Bullet and vandal resistance:

Bullet and vandal resistant blocks are generally solid glass or have very thick side walls similar to pavement blocks. 

Fire resistance:

Fire resistance of varying degrees can be achieved by several methods. Standard production hollow wall block will offer little fire resistance; however, resistance is improved by utilising specially produced hollow blocks with thicker sidewalls, or the inclusion of a special layer of fire resisting material between the two halves of the block during manufacture. Some manufacturers of glass blocks have developed a method of bonding two glass blocks together with adhesive, producing blocks of up to 160 mm (6½") thick with enhanced fire resistance. It is important that the block manufacturer's recommendations are followed with regards to the installation of fire resisting glass block walls, as without special construction techniques, the wall will not achieve the desired fire resistance. 

Gas insulated :

A recent innovation in the manufacture of glass blocks is the inclusion of argon gas within the hollow centre of glass wall blocks. This advancement in production technique has resulted in a glass block which is able to offer significantly improved thermal insulation properties.

 Colored :

Some hollow glass wall blocks are available in coloured variants. These coloured variants fall into two categories; those that are manufactured with coloured glass which are UV stable and can be used in the same locations as standard clear glass blocks. The other method by which coloured glass blocks are achieved is to inject a coloured material, dye or transparent paint into the hollow centre of the blocks to form a permanent coating. This method of producing coloured blocks enables vibrant colours to be achieved which are not possible with coloured glass. The downside of this production method is that the coloured coating may not be UV stable and can fade in bright sunshine over time and may therefore, not be suitable for all locations.

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Civil Contractors in Bangalore Flooring

Civil Contractors in Bangalore Flooring

Flooring : is that the general term for a permanent covering of a floor, or for the work of putting in such a floor cover. floor cover may be a term to generically describe any end material applied over a floor structure to produce a walking surface. each terms area unit used interchangeably however floor cover refers additional to loose-laid materials.

 Materials nearly always classified as flooring embody carpet, laminate, tile and vinyl.


 Subfloor : The floor below the flooring is termed the subfloor, that provides the support for the flooring. Special purpose subfloors like floating floors, raised floors or sprung floors could also be arranged upon another underlying subfloor that provides the structural strength. Subfloors that area unit below grade (underground) or ground level floors in buildings while not basements usually have a cement subfloor. Subfloors higher than grade (above ground) usually have a laminate subfloor.

 Flooring materials : The choice of fabric for floor cover is plagued by factors like value, endurance, noise insulation, comfort and improvement effort. Some sorts of flooring should not be put in below grade, as well as laminate and hardwood because of potential injury from wet. The sub-floor could also be finished in an exceedingly approach that creates it usable with none further work, see:

 Earthen floor adobe or clay floors
 Solid ground floor, building material levelling/wearing/granolithic screeds,polymer-modified concretes and levelling/wearing screeds.

 Carpeting :

 Carpet may be a soft floor cover made from sure carpet fibers or fastened fibers. floor cover refers to wall-to-wall coverage, whereas a cowl|floor covering furnishings is just accustomed cover an area. this sort of flooring is usually employed indoors and may be used in each high and low traffic areas. It usually lasts for 15-18 years before it must get replaced. the standard of a carpet is typically measured in face weight, or what number fibers there area unit per square measure. the upper the face weight the additional plush a carpet can feel. Carpets are available in a range of materials as well as wool, nylon, alkene and polyester. There area unit differing kinds of carpet like twists, that is often brought up as a berber. Twist floor coverconsists of multiple twisted fibers set into the carpet backing. it's usually employed in low traffic areas. Another variety of floor cover is whorled carpets, that area unit composed of whorled fibers set into the carpet backing. this sort of floor cover is usually employed in high traffic areas because it is simple to wash.

 Carpet cushioning : Padding may be placed underneath the carpet to feature comfort and supply some noise insulation. The level of comfort is determined by the type of material used, which can include memory foam and rubber regrind.

Wood flooring : Many different species of wood are fabricated into wood flooring in two primary forms: plank and parquet. Hardwoods are typically much more durable than softwoods. Reclaimed lumber has a unique appearance and is used in green (environmentally responsible) building. Engineered hardwood has a thin solid wood layer on top with a composite core. It can be a less expensive option than buying hardwood, but it cannot be sanded and refinished. This flooring typically is installed with a click-lock method. Bamboo flooring is a floor manufactured from the bamboo plant and is a type of hardwood flooring, though technically not a wood. Bamboo is known to be durable and environmentally friendly. It is available in many different patterns, colors, and textures. Cork flooring is a flooring material manufactured from the by-product of the cork oak tree. Cork floors are considered to be eco-friendly since the cork oak tree bark is stripped every nine to ten years and doesn't damage the tree. Cork flooring comes in both tiles and planks, and can have glue or glues-less installation.

 Laminate : Laminate is a floor covering that appears similar to hardwood but is made with a plywood or medium density fiberboard ("MDF") core with a plastic laminate top layer. HDF laminate consists of high density fiberboard topped by one or more layers of decorative paper and a transparent protective layer. Laminate could also be additionalsturdy than hardwood, however can't be refinished like hardwood. Laminate flooring is offered in totally different|many various many alternative patterns which might gibe different woods or perhaps ceramic tile. it always locks or faucets along. rug pad is needed for laminate flooring to produce wet and noise management.

 Hard flooring : Hard flooring (not to be confused with "hardwood") may be a family of flooring materials that has concrete or cement, ceramic tile, glass tiles, and natural stone product. Ceramic tile area unit clay product that area unit shaped into skinny tiles and discharged. Ceramic tiles area unit set in beds of mortar or mastic with the joints between tiles grouted. styles of ceramic tiles embody quarry tile, porcelain, terracotta. Many different natural stones area unit take away a range of sizes, shapes, and thicknesses to be used as flooring. Stone flooring uses an analogous installation technique to ceramic tile. Slate and marble area unit fashionable sorts of stone flooring that needs sharpening and protection. Stone aggregates, like Terrazzo, may also be used rather than raw cut stone and area unit out there as either preformed tiles or to be made in-place employing a cement binder. Porcelain ceramic ware may be used rather than natural stone. it's a ceramic material sort of a tile; but, it'susually twenty metric linear unit (0.79 in) thick and sometimes comes in squares of sixty cm (24 in). Concrete or cement finished floor is additionally used for its ability to be treated for various feel and its sturdiness, like polished concrete. Epoxy resurfacing of concrete flooring is employed to update or upgrade concrete floor surfaces in business and residential applications – see seamless chemical compound flooring section below.

 Resilient flooring : Unlike tiles that area unit made from minerals, resilient flooring is formed of materials that have some physical property, giving the flooring a degree of flexibility known as resilience. The flooring is offered in giant sheets or pre-cut tiles, and either comes with pre-applied adhesive for peel-and-stick installation or needs adhesive to be troweled on to the substrate. Resilient flooring includes many alternative factory-made product as well as lino, sheet vinyl, vinyl composition tile (VCT), cork (sheet or tile), and rubber. Performance surfaces used for dance or athletics area unit sometimes made from wood or resilient flooring. the 2 basic classes of vinyl floor tiles area unit solid vinyl and vinyl composition, and also the 3 basic classes of vinyl sheet flooring area unit unvaried, inlaid, and bedded composite. These types of vinyl flooring differ in manufacturing process and content, ranging in vinyl (polyvinyl chloride) content from 11% to 55%. Resilient flooring products, such as PVC and polypropylene are becoming more popular in specialty applications such as trailer flooring and garage flooring. New applications have also emerged for marine flooring. There are important factors to consider in specialty applications, that may not be present in a typical application. For example, certain tires will leave marks on PVC flooring but those marks will be less prevalent on polypropylene products. Adhesives also change based on application.

 Seamless polymer flooring : Many different seamless flooring materials are available that vary from air drying latex emulsion polymers to reactive thermoset resins such as waterborne, solvented or solvent-free urethanes, polyaspartics and epoxies.Applied in liquid form, all dry and/or cure to provide a completely seamless floor covering. They find use in situations ranging from the simple protection of domestic garage floors, to the restoration and protection of commercial and industrial flooring. They are also used to solve a vast array of problems in industry such as wet areas in laboratories or food processing plants where spillages of oils and fats are easily absorbed and difficult to clean. Other reasons for covering concrete with a synthetic resin flooring are for improving resistance to chemicals, enhancing resistance to impact and wear, and for aesthetic look functions.

 Seamless chemical compound flooring will take several forms:

  •  Floor seals applied at but vi mil (0.15 mm)
  •  Floor coatings applied at vi - twelve mil (0.15 – 0.3 mm)
  •  High-build floor coatings applied at vi - forty mil (0.15 – 1 mm) 
  •  Broadcast flooring with embedded mixture applied in far more than eighty mil (2 mm)
  •  Flow applied (self-smoothing/self-levelling flooring) applied at eighty – one hundred twenty  mil (2 – three mm) 
  • Trowel finished sure organic compound screed flooring applied in far more than one hundred  sixty mil (4 mm)
  •  Heavy duty flow applied flooring applied at one hundred sixty – 240 mil (4 – vi mm)
  •  Heavy duty trowel finished organic compound screed flooring applied in far more than 240mil  (6 mm) 
  • They usually have granular or rubberized particles supplemental to provide higher traction/slip  resistance on walkways and steps particularly in areas subject to frequent laundry, and for  higher traction/skid resistance in traffic aisles.

Monday, 27 March 2017

Civil Contractors in Bangalore Stairs

Types of Stairs

When talking with customers concerning stairs and railings, it's useful if we have a tendency to all use an equivalent word. There square measure many varieties of stairs that we are able to build or add railings to. the subsequent list describes a number of the additional well-liked support types:

 Straight Stairs: 

Straight stairs square measure definitely one amongst the foremost common kinds of stairs found in each residential and industrial properties.

 Advantages of straight Stairs : 

  •  Straight stairs tend to be the best to travel up and down or ascend/descend as we are saying  within the business. 
  •  They are generally the best to create but this relies allot on the amount of detail within the  style. 
  •  Straight stairs solely got to be connected at the highest and therefore the bottom (no  intermediate structure is required).
  •  They work well with minimalist designed homes attributable to their inherent simplicity. 
  •  By choosing diluent treads, open risers and skinny metal stringers, straight stairs may be  created additional clear than alternative kinds of stairs permitting less obstruction to the read  on the far side. 
  •  No landing is needed if the amount of risers square measure unbroken beneath sixteen or the  general vertical height is a smaller amount than twelve feet. 
  •  Its comparatively simple to create railings and handrails for straight stairs.
  •  Measuring for railings is easier additionally.

 Disadvantages of straight stairs : 

  •  Straight stairs spend a good quantity of linear area that has got to be planned for in your style.
  •  Some of the opposite support varieties produce a privacy barrier between the floors of your  home. Straight stairs don't supply this privacy.
  •  A support twelve feet high needs a landing to interrupt up the span. The addition of a landing  can spend allot more room and so these kinds of stairs square measure rarely employed in  residential construction. you'll see these additional of times in massive industrial buildings.

 L formed support Stairs :

The L formed support could be a variation of the straight support with a bend in some portion of the support. This bend is typically achieved by adding a landing at the bend transition purpose. The bend is commonly ninety degrees, but it doesn't got to be. If the landing is nearer to the highest or bottom of the supports the steps it's generally cited as a protracted L stair. 

 Advantages of L formed Stairs:

  • L Stairs are often a lot of visually fascinating. 
  • They provide a visible barrier between floors in order that they will add some privacy. 
  • Also L Stairs will facilitate somewhat with sound transmission between floors if the steps area  unit contained inside walls.
  • Some believe they're safer than straight stairs because the central landing reduces the amount of treads one might fall in an exceedingly given flight. 
  • The landing will offer an area to prevent and rest whereas ascending. 
  • They can be placed in an exceedingly corner of a space if this works higher for your style.

Disadvantages of L formed Stairs :

  •  L formed stairs area unit somewhat tougher to create. 
  •  A support is usually needed for the landing in an exceedingly L sort support. typically this is  often engineered into the encircling walls thus it goes unmarked. In fashionable dwellings but  it's typically fascinating to open up the area deed the support structure visible. In these cases  the structure are often visually decreased by taking advantage of the strength of steel to form  slim supporting members. Through careful engineering,it is potential to eliminate the landing  support all at once. 
  •  Handrails for these forms of stairs need a lot of ability and reaching to construct. 
  •  In climates wherever basements area unit used, stairs area unit generally stacked over one  another for economical use of area. Since basements area unit typically used for storage,  massive things are often troublesome to maneuver in and out of the basement.

 U formed Stairs : 

U formed stairs square measure essentially a pair of parallel flights of straight stairs joined by by a landing that needs a hundred and eighty degree flip within the walk line. If a 3rd flight is inserted into the center of the steps, it'd become a double L step (or quarter landing).

Advantages of U formed Stairs:

  • U formed stairs is easier to suit into Associate in Nursing plan. 
  • They offer some subject interest. 
  • The landing(s) offers a resting purpose half high the steps.

Disadvantages of U formed Stairs: 

  •  These varieties of stairs square measure a little harder to create.

Winder Stairs:

Winder steps square measure a variation of Associate in Nursing L formed stair however rather than a flat landing, they need pie formed or triangular steps at the corner transition.

Advantages of Winder Stairs:

  • The main advantage of winder stairs is that they need less area than several different varieties of stairs. They 'requite common in older homes, typically used as a secondary stairs wherever the grand stairs might are within the entry and also the winder used as a access to the room.
  • They have a lot of visual interest. Winder stairs appear to form a lot of seamless transition,visually, as they meander around corners. For this reason they need gained quality in trendy homes. Their compactness has additionally created them enticing in property home styles.

Disadvantages of Winder Stairs:

  • Winder stairs square measure somewhat tougher to navigate than L stairs.
  •  It is harder to feature a barrier to those than a number of the opposite varieties of stairs.
  •  Like L formed stairs, a middle support is often needed. 

 Spiral Stairs :

Spiral stairs square measure a typically confused with wiggly stairs. Although, each varieties of stairs follow a coiling arc (like the form of a spring), spiral stairs typically square measure created terribly compact and also the treads radiate around a middle pole.

Advantages of Spiral Stairs :

  • One of the key blessings of spiral stairs is their compactness. they're very hip on beach front decks wherever area is at a premium. they're additionally used extensively on town lofts for identical reason. 
  • Spiral steps is enticing and there square measure might variations on railings designs which might have a serious impact on the general look of the stair. 
  • Since the middle pole and landing generally give the structural support for the steps, they are doing not would like a lot of within the approach of additional support structures creating installation easier than several different varieties of stairs.

Disadvantages of Spiral Stairs:

  • Spiral stairs square measure harder to navigate than different varieties of stairs. it's for this reason that codes don't enable them to be used because the primary access to a full second floor of a home. Walk ability improves because the outside diameter gets larger thus if you've got the area, you'll need to contemplate going a little larger. we have a tendency to suggest going five feet in diameter if you'll be able to.
  •  It is troublesome to hold giant things up spiral stairs. 
  • Only one person will go up or down the steps at identical time.

Curved Stairs:

Curved stairs add class to home or business. For this reason they're nearly always settled at the entry wherever it makes the simplest 1st impression. wiggly stairs, like spiral stairs square measure coiling but, they have a tendency to get on a way larger radius and generally don't create a full circle.

Advantages of Curved  Stairs:

  • Curved staircases square measure typically terribly elegant and ancient however this sort of style will equally be tailored to up to date styles. 
  • They are comparatively straightforward to run up (if the radius is large).

Disadvantages of Curved  Stairs:

  • Curved stairs square measure out and away the foremost troublesome to create of the assorted varieties of stairs. if truth be told building wiggly steps represents a pinnacle of feat for any stair builder or storyteller. For this reason, they're the foremost expensive to create. 

 Ladders :

Since the definition of a step may be a series of steps leading from one floor to a different, we'd be delinquent if we have a tendency to failed to embody ladders. Library ladders or loft ladders have become a lot of fashionable to conserve area in smaller, property styles. 

 Advantages of Ladders :

  • The most compact thanks to get from one floor to a different. 
  • Very value effective thanks to their easy style. 
  • Can have wheels or fold up to maneuver them out of the approach once not in use or to access. 
  • Can be accustomed access shelves that might be to high too reach commonly. 

 Disadvantages of Ladders:

  • Ladders square measure the foremost troublesome to climb, particularly whereas falling. 
  • Can not be used as a primary stairs.

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Saturday, 25 March 2017

Civil Contractors in Bangalore: Civil Contractors in Bangalore Pooja Room Vastu

Civil Contractors in Bangalore: Civil Contractors in Bangalore Pooja Room Vastu: Pooja Room Vastu Tips:  What you want to Follow  As per pooja area vastu, north-east corner of house is best site for pooja place.  ...

Civil Contractors in Bangalore Pooja Room Vastu

Pooja Room Vastu Tips: 

What you want to Follow

  •  As per pooja area vastu, north-east corner of house is best site for pooja place.
  •  East and west square measure contender locations.
  •  Keep the pooja place on ground floor.
  •  In huge plots or factories etc. construct pooja ghar at center; this can be terribly auspicious.
  •  Keep the idols in east and/or west of the prayer area.
  •  Place the idols many inches (at least associate inch) aloof from wall.
  •  Make sure that every one the idols square measure forever in excellent condition.
  •  Have 2 shutter door of top quality wood for prayer area.
  •  Pooja area will have doors and windows in north or east walls.
  •  White or lightweight yellow coloured marble add prayer area makes it a lot of auspicious.
  •  Use white, lightweight yellow or lightweight blue colours for walls of pooja area.
  •  You can place a lamp sub the pooja area in south-east or japanese aspect.
  •  If the roof of pooja area is pyramid form then it’s terribly auspicious.
  •  You can place associate Agnikund within the prayer area in south-east corner.
  •  Keep showcases and almirahs towards west or south walls.
  •  Entrance of pooja place should have a threshold.
  •  If the prayer space is in room then keep it within the north-east corner of kitchen; you must face east whereas praying.

 What you want to Avoid

  •  The pooja place ought to ne'er be in south direction.
  •  Do not have pooja place in an exceedingly store-room.
  •  Avoid pooja place in any bedchamber. but if there's no choice then use the north-east corner of  the bedchamber as pooja place (but keep in mind this can be the last and least favored option).  additionally keep in mind that whereas sleeping or lying on bed your feet mustn't purpose  towards this corner.
  •  Never build pooja area in basement or 1st or higher than floors.
  •   Do not have prayer place higher than, below or next to any rest room or room.
  •   Avoid pooja area or place beneath a stairs. Idols ought to ne'er face south.
  •  Do not chisel off the wall to create place for keeping idols.
  •  Never keep broken idols. Idols ought to ne'er be directly ahead of the doorway door of prayer  area. Never keep the idols brought from recent temples within the prayer area.
  •  Women mustn't enter the prayer area throughout flow. Scenes or photos of crime, battles or of  any negative emotions square measure a strict “no” within the pooja place.
  •  really you want to avoid them in your entire home. Do not suspend photos of animals and  birds within the pooja place.
  •  Never have photos of died individuals within the pooja space.
  •  Never keep a ash-bin within the pooja place; it reduces positive energy of the space.
  •  No one ought to sleep within the prayer area (except if the prayer area is in bedroom).
  •  Don’t keep the things within the pooja space that don't belong there. Never ever – beneath any circumstance – conceal any cash or different valuables in pooja place.

Friday, 24 March 2017

Civil Contractors in Bangalore: Civil Contractors in Bangalore Bricks

Civil Contractors in Bangalore: Civil Contractors in Bangalore Bricks: Types of Brick  Bricks square measure used for building and pavement all throughout the planet. In the USA, bricks were once used as a ...

Civil Contractors in Bangalore Bricks

Types of Brick 

Bricks square measure used for building and pavement all throughout the planet. In the USA, bricks were once used as a pavement material, and currently it's a lot of wide used as an ornamental surface instead of a road material. Bricks square measure typically set flat and square measure typically guaranteed forming a structure to extend its stability and strength. There square measure many kinds of bricks used several of them being concerning eight inches long and 4 inches thick.

There square measure numerous kinds of bricks employed in masonry.

  • Common Burnt Clay Bricks
  • Sand Lime Bricks (Calcium salt Bricks)
  • Engineering Bricks 
  • Concrete Bricks 
  • Fly ash Clay Bricks

Bricks square measure used as siding within the building business due partly to its necessary characteristics and simply because it will be a decent cheap choice. Below we tend to summarize the advantages and applications of the foremost normally used form of bricks. 

 Common Burnt Clay Bricks 

 Common burnt clay bricks square measure fashioned by pressing in molds. Then these bricks square measure dried and laid-off during a oven. Common burnt clay bricks square measure employed in general work with no special enticing appearances. once these bricks square measure employed in walls, they need application or rendering. 

 Sand Lime Bricks Sand lime bricks

 square measure created by combination sand, ash and lime followed by a natural actionthroughout wet combination. the combo is then wrought besieged forming the brick. These bricks can give benefits over clay bricks such as:

  • Their color look is grey rather than the regular ruby-red color. 
  • Their form is uniform and presents a electric sander end that doesn’t need application. 
  • These bricks provide wonderful strength as a bearing member.

 What square measure Engineering Bricks?

 Engineering bricks square measure bricks factory-made at very high temperatures, forming a dense and powerful brick, permitting the brick to limit strength and water absorption.


Thursday, 23 March 2017

Civil Contractors in Bangalore Cement

Usage of Cement in Buildings: 

Cement is that the binder that holds concrete and mortars along and thence it plays the foremost crucial role in giving strength and sturdiness to your home. it's wont to build concrete for slabs, foundations, beams, columns, lintels, chhajja (sunshades), and mortar for masonry, plastering, flooring and different such work.

Types of Cement employed in house construction:

Cements used for domestic building like your home area unit primarily of 3 types:

 Ordinary hydraulic cement (OPC): a mix of clinker and mineral.

Portland dross cement(PSC):a mix of excellent quality furnace dross (from the iron and steel industry) with clinker (which makes OPC) and mineral.

 Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC): a mix of fly-ash (from thermal power plants) with clinker and mineral.

 Ideal cement for house construction:

 The best cement for house construction is mixed cement like PSC and PPC. However please note that sensible quality alloyed cements like PSC and PPC can take longer to line. But the ultimate strength when twenty eight days are going to be far more.

 Features of excellent quality cement : 

  •  Reduced water demand.
  •  Improved workability. 
  •  Less porous to wetness.
  •  Improved resistance to acids and chlorides. 
  •  Reduced heat of association. 
  •  Easier to end. 
  •  Reduced shrinkage.
  •  Reduced natural process issues as a result of it's low on free time. 

The color of cement has no respect to the strength characteristics. there's a wrong impression that darker color cement provides higher strength. In fact, darker color cement causes the staff to feature a lot of sand than allowed in cement-sand mortar for covering, which may then cause issues.

 Selecting the correct cement for your house:

It is vital that you just use solely a putative complete of cement. sensible brands of cement might price a pair ofto five a lot of however provide quality, consistency and dependableness further as ten to twenty larger strength characteristics. Cement accounts for a mere twelve to eighteen of the full expenditure on your home. So, victimisation cheaper cement provides you very little overall savings however a larger risk to the strength of your building! 

 The right method of victimisation cement in construction: 

Cement should be further to the concrete and mortar in a very precise, consistent manner. insufficient or an excessive amount of cement in concrete and improper water-cement ratios cause lower strengths, shorter style life and lower sturdiness. ne'er attempt to save on cement use by diluting the concrete combine. Remember, that by victimisation thirty to forty baggage less of cement, you'd save no over Rs 3000 to Rs 4000.

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Monday, 20 March 2017

Civil Contractors in Bangalore Vaasthu Shastra

Vaasthu Shastra

Vaasthu Shastra Tips for House Construction: After finding the good site or plot as per surroundings support then first and foremost important point of House Construction of vastu shastra is dig a well in the N-E (Northeast) corner and use this ground water for construction for quick completion of house construction and prosperity, due to this small tip the house construction may also go smooth without hurdles.

Compound wall is too necessary to get more strengthen results. Please concentrate on boundary wall for the entire site. In India its possible to construct the periphery wall to entire plot, but in other countries like USA, UK, Australia etc may not have such system, partly constructed that to like fencing etc is very common in those countries. So this rule may be ruled out to some countries.

Open space should be kept all around the building, that is four sides of the house., it gives us luck to the house and full of lighting, flowing of air. If you have spacious plot, then plan for atleast good setbacks to entire house to have more light and air. Flowing of air into house is too important in terms of health and peace. Here open space means more open place has to be kept towards East direction, Northeast, (Ishan) and North. Lesser open space be planned towards South, West and Southwest corners. This is the ideal plan.

Open space at Agneya (Southeast) and Vayavya (Northwest) should be equa

Some vastu people has opinioned that trees should not be planted in house premises and shadow of the trees should not have impression at any part of the house, this is not the right idea. In olden days our houses were built with mud etc, on those days people don't have such knowledge of cement and concrete pillar system etc. Now we are constructing homes with concrete cement supports with iron rods, so no need to worry on trees and cracks of the homes. But please note that planting trees very near to the walls are not advisable, even engineers also stated that some heavy trees should not be very near to the house walls only because of damaging the homes, its simple, their roots are very strong and they may or may not damage walls if they are very very near to walls. In our observation we did not find such instances if the trees are kept await atleast 4 feet from the house walls. No need to depend on our words on this point, you may get suggestion from your engineer regarding standardness of the building after planting the trees etc, then only you may take decision, greenery is most important in the house premises. It attracts positive powers, heavenly elements etc.Before planting the trees read below note.

Heavy trees should be towards South, West and Southwest directions and medium heavier trees or plants towards Agneya (Southeast), Vayavya (Northwest) sides, small plants may be towards North or East based on availability of more open space. Concentrating on landscaping is extremely favorable to the residents. Floor grass may be best suitable towards entire area and you may go with even at Northeast also.

Plenty of Air flowing should be to the house from Northeast, East and North directions to avail this facility we should provide doors or very bigger windows at these sides/directions. Based on this bigger windows are suitable towards North, East and Northeast direction walls of the house.

Construction of building at South, West, Southwest directions/sides are elevated/height (higher) than North, East, Northeast directions/sides.

No peace and quarrels at house if there is a well at Northwest or Southeast. If there is a well located towards South, West, Southwest corners then residents may face financial crisis, heavy burdens, health problems, some times it may be dangerous to life also.

Regarding Vaastu Pooja at house : vastu is science, and its not a deity, vastu pooja means you are giving respect to the area/land/plot/site/house/home etc. We should give respect to the property before starting the construction, that is called as Vastu Pooja. Still there is some people who are going to say only the VASTU HOMA. You may do it, we never obstruct on these rituals. Giving respect to the Nature is always auspicious.

If new (or old) house may be purchased, clean every thing, clear the dust and bad odors and secondly go with good and attractive paints to the home. Maximum try to fill the dents or some thing holes to the walls with wall care. This is good idea. Don't compromise on cleaning. This is the basic point in getting good results.

If West portion is height/elevated than East portion, that plot is auspicious and construct home without disturbing this natural power i.e., height/elevation towards West direction/side.

If South portion is elevated/height than the North portion, that plot is good and construct the house without disturbing this natural positive power i.e., elevation/height towards South side/direction.

Actually there should not be 5 corners in a house, but its auspicious if 5th corner is towards Ishan (Northeast) direction. This means the Northeast was increased in this plot or site.

Don't plan doors towards Southwest corner, the same may be applicable to the windows also at this direction. As per your convenience or any other reason and its compulsory for you then do one thing, make a very smaller window and most of the time close it with strong wooden plank.

Planning to dig foundation then starts from Ishan (Northeast) corner, then go to East and North, thereafter go to Southeast and Northwest and later reach to South, West and last towards Southwest direction.

Filling the foundation digs with concrete (pillars) then start from Southwest corner, later South, West, Southeast, Northwest and next to East, North and finally at Eshan (Northeast) corner.

Plan to fix the doors to open inside only, not outside, inside opening of the doors is luck to the inhabitants and it welcomes the natural power or energy directly enters into house. Outside opening may not be recommended, but it may be the common thing for the mosquito mat doors, don't think more on mosquito doors, if you are serious on vastu then remove this mosquito net door.

Flooring heights/levels should be like this way, North to South (North should be lower and South should be elevated).

Floor levels at East to West, Northeast/Ishan to Southwest/Nairuthi corners.

A vastu home has to be aligned with the cardinal directions thereby reflecting the Vedic concept of the universe. Don’t place disturbing works of art such as those depicting war and misery as they may bring about negative energy.

Collect more attractive collections to your house walls, particularly in living room and family rooms.

As a human beings we should always try to get more auspicious powers as much as possible with our intelligence to live peacefully, in this scenario we tried our level best to get success and peace based on one ancient traditional Indian science with latest trends application amendment.

If you would like to have any more points to publish here, let us know, we will be more happy to publish your thoughts or suggestions or even tips. Serve to our society. God loves people who serving human beings.

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Friday, 17 March 2017

Civil Contractors in Bangalore: Civil Contractors in Bangalore

Civil Contractors in Bangalore: Civil Contractors in Bangalore: Types of Construction : In general, there are a unit 3 sectors of construction: buildings, infrastructure and industrial. Building...

Civil Contractors in Bangalore

Types of Construction :

In general, there are a unit 3 sectors of construction: buildings, infrastructure and industrial. Building construction is sometimes additional divided into residential and non-residential (commercial/institutional). Infrastructure is commonly known as heavy/highway, significant civil or significant engineering .
It  includes giant structure, dams, bridges, highways, water/wastewater and utility distribution. Industrial includes refineries, method chemical, power generation, mills and manufacturing plants. There are other ways to break the industry into sectors or markets.

Engineering News-Record (ENR) is a trade magazine for the construction industry. Each year, ENR compiles and reports on data about the size of design and construction companies. They publish a list of the largest companies in the United States (Top-40) and also a list the largest global firms (Top-250, by amount of work they are doing outside their home country). In 2014, ENR compiled the data in nine market segments. It was divided as transportation, petroleum, buildings, power, industrial, water, manufacturing, sewer/waste, telecom, hazardous waste plus a tenth category for other projects. In their reporting on the Top 400, they used data on transportation, sewer, hazardous waste and water to rank firms as heavy contractors.

The Standard Industrial Classification and the newer North American Industry Classification System have a classification system for companies that perform or otherwise engage in construction. To recognize the differences of companies in this sector, it is divided into three subsectors: building construction, heavy and civil engineering construction, and specialty trade contractors. There are also categories for construction service firms (e.g., engineering, architecture) and construction managers (firms engaged in managing construction comes while not forward direct money responsibility for completion of the development project).

Building Construction :

Building construction is the process of adding structure to real property or construction of buildings. The majority of building construction jobs are small renovations, such as addition of a room, or renovation of a bathroom. Often, the owner of the property acts as laborer, paymaster, and design team for the entire project. Although building construction projects typically include various common elements, such as design, financial, estimating and legal considerations, many projects of varying sizes reach undesirable end results, such as structural collapse, cost overruns, and/or litigation. For this reason, those with experience in the field make detailed plans and maintain careful oversight during the project to ensure a positive outcome.

The National Cement Share Company of Ethiopia's new plant in Dire Dawa.
Commercial building construction is procured privately or publicly utilizing various delivery methodologies, including cost estimating, hard bid, negotiated price, traditional, management contracting, construction management-at-risk, design & build and design-build bridging.

Residential construction practices, technologies, and resources must conform to local building authority regulations and codes of practice. Materials readily available in the area generally dictate the construction materials used (e.g. brick versus stone, versus timber). Cost of construction on a per square meter (or per square foot) basis for houses can vary dramatically based on site conditions, local regulations, economies of scale (custom designed homes are often more expensive to build) and the availability of skilled tradespeople. As residential construction (as well as all other types of construction) can generate a lot of waste, careful planning again is needed here.

Residential Construction :

The most fashionable technique of residential construction in North America is wood-framed construction. Typical construction steps for a single-family or little multi-family house are:
  • Develop floor plans and acquire a materials list for estimations (more recently performed with estimating software)
  • Obtain edifice approval if necessary
  • Clear the lot
  • Survey to stake out for the muse
  • Excavate the muse and dig footers.
  • Pour a foundation and footers with concrete
  • Build the most bearing structure out of thick items of wood and probably metal I-beams for big spans with few supports. See framing (construction)
  • Add floor and ceiling joists and install subfloor panels
  • Cover outer walls and roof in OSB or laminate and a water-resistive barrier.
  • Install roof shingles or different covering for flat roof
  • Cover the walls with siding, generally vinyl, wood, or brick veneer however probably stone or different materials
  • Install windows
  • Framing
  • Frame  interior walls with picket 2x4s
  • Add internal plumbing, HVAC, electrical, and fossil fuel utilities
  • Building inspector visits if necessary to approve utilities and framing
  • Install insulation and interior drywall panels (cement board for wet areas) and to finish walls and ceilings
  • Install rest room fixtures
  • Spackle, prime, and paint interior walls and ceilings
  • Additional coating on high of cement board for wet areas, like the lavatory and room backsplash
  • Install final floor cover, like floor tile, carpet, or wood flooring
  • Install major appliances
  • Unless the first house owners square measure building the house, at this time it's generally sold or rented.

Friday, 10 March 2017

Civil Contractors in Bangalore: Civil Contractors In Bangalore

Civil Contractors in Bangalore: Civil Contractors In Bangalore: The following are the varied varieties of contracts, for execution of engineering works:   Item rate contract   Proportion rate con...

Civil Contractors In Bangalore

The following are the varied varieties of contracts, for execution of engineering works:

  •   Item rate contract
  •   Proportion rate contract
  •   Lumpsum contract
  •   Labour contract
  •   Materials offer contract
  •   Piece-Work agreement
  •   value and proportion rate contract
  •   value and fastened fee contract
  •   value and unsteady fee contract
  •   Target contract

 1. Item rate contract :

 For this contract, contractors ar needed to quote rates for individual things of labor on the idea of schedule of quantities furnished by the client’s department.

 2. Percentage rate contract :

 During this type of contract, the client’s department draws up the schedule of items according to the description of items sanctioned in the estimate with quantities, rates, units and amounts shown therein.

 3. Lump sum contract : 

In this form of contract, contractors are required to quote a fixed sum (lumpsum amount) for execution of a work complete in all respects i.e., according to the drawings, design and specifications supplied to them with the tender within the specified time.

 4. Labour contract : 

This is a contract where the contractor quotes rates for the item work exclusive of the elements of materials which are supplied by the client’s Department.

 5. Materials supply contract :

 In this form of contract, the contractors have to offer their rates for supply of the required quantity of materials , inclusive of all local taxes, carriage and delivery charges of materials to the specified site within the time fixed in the tender.

 6.Piece-Work agreement : 

As the name signifies the piece-work agreement, it is that for which only a rate is agreed upon without reference to the total quantity of work to be done or the quantity of work to be done within a given period.

 7.Cost plus percentage rate contract :

n tendering for work on a “Cost Plus” basis, the contractor is paid the actual cost of the work, plus an agreed percentage in addition, to allow for profit.

 8.Cost plus fixed fee contract : 

In this type of contract, the contractor is paid by the owner an agreed lump-sum amount over and above the actual cost of work.

 9.Cost and unsteady Fee contract :

In this sort of contract, the contractor is paid by the owner the particular value of construction and AN quantity of fee reciprocally variable in keeping with the rise or decrease of the calculablevalue in agreement 1st by each the parties.

 10.Target Contract : 

This can be the kind of contract wherever the contractor is paid on a undetermined proportion work performed underneath this contract. additionally, he receives a proportion and or minus on savings or excess settled against either previous a previous in agreement estimate of total value or a target worth got hold of by activity the work on completion and valuing at prior in agreement rates.

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Tuesday, 7 March 2017

Civil Contractors in Bangalore: Architectural Services Provided

Civil Contractors in Bangalore: Architectural Services Provided: House Plans Designing of plans within the scale of 30x40, 40x60 , 50x80 etc.. second floor plans are going to be given which is able...

Architectural Services Provided

House Plans
Designing of plans within the scale of 30x40, 40x60 , 50x80 etc.. second floor plans are going to be given which is able to show the general layout showing living, dinning, kitchen, bedrooms, foyer, second interior layout etc…

Residential Design
Designing of Residential floor set ups that Involves planning of residential house plan and elevation of a building.


Design of interiors for residential or business comes. Providing 3D perspective views for the finalized interior layout arrangement showing the abstract style parts.

Master Plan
Large scale comes involving multiple developments over an outsized space showing residential and business developments inside oneset up. Our scope of labor to review the shoppers demand and propose a development style which incorporates roads, parks, club house, residential blocks, commercial blocks, CA amenities, drains..etc

Urban design
Designing of Urban land areas of big land lots to be used into many master plans like public area, non-public development areas, housing societies etc. Urban style involves creation or arrangement of well-defined buildings and open areas with all trendy amenities like public and personal development.

Project Management Consultancy (PMC)
In Project management practice we offer our experience in providing numerous solutions for a project right from master about to web site visits for numerous works like design practice, MEP (Mechanical Electrical Plumbing), Structural practice , HVAC etc..

Mechanical Electrical Plumbing(MEP)Design
In MEP style services we offer our experience in power distribution, Street lighting, safety systems, electrical circuits, controls of electrical instruments, hygienic drains, surface water drains, road levels, waste material treatment plant (STP).

Structural Consultants
Design of steel frame work for the structure for the finalized Architectural design using economical engineering principles with a high degree of safety standards in a cost effective Our experience converts the finalized design building style into real estate.


Saturday, 4 March 2017

Civil Contractors in Bangalore: Role of a Contractor and Types of Construction

Civil Contractors in Bangalore: Role of a Contractor and Types of Construction: The role of a Contractor:- A contractor is appointed to a construction project throughout the look or once the look has been completed by...

Role of a Contractor and Types of Construction

The role of a Contractor:-
A contractor is appointed to a construction project throughout the look or once the look has been completed by a authorized creator. this can be done by inquiring a bidding method with totally different contractors.

The contractor is chosen by victimization one among 3 common choice methods: low-bid choice, best-value choice, or qualifications-based choice.

A construction manager ought to have the power to handle public safety, time management, price management, quality management, higher cognitive process, arithmetic, operating drawings, and human resources.

Seven forms of Construction:-
usually economical buildings, and different enhancements, for agricultural functions. Examples embody barns, instrumentation and animal sheds, specialised fencing, storage silos and elevators, and facility and drains like wells, tanks, and ditches.

Residential construction includes homes, apartments, townhouses, and different smaller, walk-up housing, tiny workplacevarieties

This refers to construction for the requirements of personal commerce, trade, and services. Examples embodyworkplace buildings, "big box" stores, searching centers and malls, warehouses, banks, theaters, casinos, resorts, golf courses, and bigger residential structures like high-rise hotels and condominiums.

This class is for the requirements of presidency and different public organizations. Examples embody colleges, fireplace and police stations, libraries, museums, dormitories, analysis buildings, hospitals, transportation terminals, some military facilities, and governmental buildings.

Buildings and other constructed items used for storage and product production, including chemical and power plants, steel mills, oil refineries and platforms, producing plants, pipelines, and seaports.

Heavy civil:
the development of transportation infrastructure like roads, bridges, railroads, tunnels, airports, and fortified military facilities. Dams also are enclosed, however most alternative water-related infrastructure is taken into account environmental.

Environmental construction was a part of serious civil, however is currently separate, addressing comes that improve the setting. Some examples square measure water and sewer water treatment plants, healthful and storm sewers, solid waste management, and pollution management.


Friday, 3 March 2017

Building Contractors in Bangalore

Civil Contractors in Bangalore: M Sand

Civil Contractors in Bangalore: M Sand: The natural stream sand was the most affordable resources of sand. but the excessive mining of rive bed to satisfy the increasing demand f...

M Sand

The natural stream sand was the most affordable resources of sand. but the excessive mining of rive bed to satisfy the increasing demand for sand in housing industry has result in the ecological imbalance within the state. currently the sand out there within the bottom terribly|is extremely is incredibly coarse and contains very high share of silt and clay.

The silt and also the clay presence within the sand cut back the strength of the concrete and holds moistness. The natural stream sand is that the product of alleviation. mica, coal, fossils and different organic impurities area unit gift within the stream sand higher than bound share that create the sand useless for concrete work.

Acute shortage and high worth for stream sand has result in the adulteration of sand with salty ocean sand that has raised serious concern among builders.

High Strength
The superior form, correct gradation of fines, swish surface texture and consistency in production parameter of with chemicals stable sands offer larger sturdiness and better strength to concrete by overcoming the deficiencies like segregation, bleeding, honey hair care, voids and capillary.

Greater work ability
The device dirt is flaky and angular in form that is difficult in operating. there's no plasticity within the mortar which makes yet difficult for the mason to figure. Where as the cubical shape with grounded edge and superior gradation gives good plasticity to mortar providing excellent work ability.

M-sand Advantages 

Greater sturdiness
M-Sand has balanced physical and chemical properties which will stand up to any aggressive environmental and climate because it has increased sturdiness, larger strength and overall economy. Usage of M-Sand will overcome the defects occurring in concrete like honey hair care, segregation, voids, capillary etc.

High Strength
The superior form, correct gradation of fines, swish surface texture and consistency in production parameter of with chemicals stable sands provides larger sturdiness and better strength to concrete by overcoming deficiencies like segregation, bleeding, honey hair care, voids and capillary.

Greater Workability
The device dirt is flaky and angular in form that is hard in operating. there's no malleability within the mortar that makes it even troublesome for the mason to figure, whereas the cubiform form with grounded edge and superior gradation provides sensiblemalleability to mortar providing glorious workability.

Offsets Construction Defects
M-Sand has optimum initial and final setting time additionally as glorious fineness which can facilitate to beat the deficiencies of concrete like segregation, bleeding, honeycombing, voids and capillary.

Usage of M-Sand will drastically cut back the value since like watercourse sand, it doesn't contain impurities and wastage is nix. In International Construction situation, no watercourse sand is employed in the least, solely sand is factory-made and used, which provides superior strength and its cubiform form ensures vital reduction within the cement utilized in the concrete

M-Sand is that the solely various to watercourse sand. Dredging of watercourse beds to induce watercourse sand can result in environmental disaster like H2O depletion, water scarceness, threat to the protection of bridges, dams etc.

Beside with the govt considering ban on dredging of watercourse beds to quarry watercourse sand, as a part of the growing concern for surroundings protection, M-Sand are the sole offered choice.